PassageA. (1) With a few exceptions that began surfacing in the mid-1990s, the Japanese essentially require large companies to provide lifetime employment to their workers. (2) The Japanese see two main ways companies benefit from hiring workers for life. (3) One of the benefits is that lifetime employment aligns an employee’s future with that of the company. (4) When people know they are going to stay somewhere for life (like tenured college professors), they tend to be very concerned about the health of the organization, or at least the health of their department. (5) In Japan, workers work late and welcome changes like automation—what’s good for the company is good for them. (6) The other main benefit is that lifetime employment decreases competition for other firm’s workers. (7) Because all large firms accept the system, which includes not trying to steal another firm’s workers, there is an incentive to invest in research and to train workers. (8) The workers will be with the firm long enough for that firm to reap the benefits of skills and management training. (9) There is no danger that a worker will get trained and then run off to a position in another company.
QuestionA1. The major supporting details of this paragraph are