Unit One Chapter 1: Joseph Palmer
Final Check


Choose the words that best complete the sentences in the reading below. Then click "continue." Note: each word is used once.


Joseph Palmer

A picture of a man with a flowing beard.In 1830, a Massachusetts farmer named Joseph Palmer moved to the city, only to find that people continually reacted to him with anger and hatred. Why? Palmer certainly wasn’t a(n) (1) man—no, he had a strong sense of right and wrong. He was a friendly and (2) person as well. And on the whole, Palmer was the (3) of a normal citizen, living a typical life with his family. Yet his neighbors crossed to the other side of the street to avoid an (4) with him. Children insulted Palmer and sometimes threw stones at him. Grown men hurled rocks through the windows of his house. Even the local minister (5) Palmer, telling the congregation that Palmer admired only himself.

One day, four men carrying scissors and a razor attacked Palmer and threw him to the ground. Pulling out a pocketknife, Palmer fought back, slashing at their legs. His (6)s fled. Afterward, Palmer was the one arrested and jailed. While in jail, he was attacked two more times. Both times, he fought his way free. After a year—although his accusers still wouldn’t (7) him of guilt—he was released.

Palmer had won. The cause of all the (8) and abuse had been his long, flowing beard. Palmer, (9) to the end, had refused to shave.

Thirty years after Palmer’s difficulties, it was no longer considered (10) to wear whiskers. Among the many who wore beards then was the President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln.

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